The Most Efficient Use Of Your Money

If you have a mortgage it is probably the biggest debt you will ever have.  In the hundreds of thousands of dollars. The amount of money you owe may even scare you. So like me, you are probably paying it off as fast as you can.  And it seems logical.

Is it better to pay off the Mortgage as fast as you can?

Is this the most efficient use of your money?

The debate keeps coming up. I get comments and emails suggesting I re-evaluate my approach.  Whether I should direct more to investments instead of paying down the mortgage.  And they are right, it might be more beneficial to invest more instead. And I will show you some calculations towards the end to prove it.

Paying off the mortgage to me is a guaranteed return. A return on saving the extra cost of the interest accrued on the debt. This means that mortgage interest rates are key.

A 1% difference in mortgage rates from 4 to 5% on $200K over 20 years will cost you an extra $26,000 in interest.

The rate at which you are paying off your mortgage can also save you thousands.  A 200k 4% 20-year mortgage will cost you $279 p.w. to service. If you increase this to $300 p.w. you will save  $9,360 in interest.

That’s only $21 per week increase in payments- saving you $9,360 in interest.

And you will pay off the mortgage 2 years sooner.

It’s more than Just returns

There is great satisfaction from watching your mortgage balance reduce over time. And ultimately being free from the shackles of the bank.

And once you have paid off the mortgage you can invest the equivalent mortgage payment.

Paying the mortgage off faster is also a way of paying yourself first. You opted into paying the extra, and now the bank will hold you accountable. You have to make those payments. Definitely extra motivation to keep the payments up to date.

To pay off the mortgage faster, or to invest instead

In retirement, cash flow is key. So you might have a house that’s paid off- and that is awesome! Well done! But, you also need cash to survive. You can’t get cash from the house you live in. If like me, you want to retire early you need to build a passive income alongside paying off your house.

On the flip side, once you have paid your house off you can live rent-free. Rent or Mortgage payments are one of the largest expenses, followed by groceries. So when you have paid these off, you need less cash to get by.

But if you focus solely on paying the mortgage will it slow down the growth of your passive income stream? This question is what I will answer for you below.

The Truth, Investing vs. Paying the Mortgage

To truly answer the question “should you pay off your mortgage faster or invest instead” I decided to do some calculations.

The assumptions

    • Use the current balance on my mortgage, which is currently fixed at 4.2%
    • Assume a return on investment of 7.8% taxed at PIE rate of 28%
    • Keep my payments constant at $1000 per week

The assumption that my mortgage will remain fixed at this rate is a bit hairy- Mortgage rates always change over time. But for the last 6 year, I have had a rate below 5%. And on the flip side, the assumption of a return on investment of 7.8% can also change.

The return of 7.8% comes from the average return for the NZX-50 for the last 69 years. Sure you could find better or worse returns. But I will use this average figure.

My payments to my mortgage and investment will most likely increase over time, as my income will hopefully increase over time.

So there are a few assumptions associated with these calculations, but no-one can predict the future.

The Calculations

By directing some of my mortgage payments to an investment instead, the length of the mortgage term will increase. The maximum term on Mortgages in NZ is 30 years- so I will work to that. This means that there is a maximum amount that you can divert to investing, in my situation the maximum is 56.7% to investing.

We will run three scenarios. The different scenarios will be different ratios of payment made towards investing and payments made to the mortgage. Once the mortgage has been paid, the entire $1000 weekly payment will be directed to investing.

Here are the scenarios

    1. Scenario one-  diverting 0% to investing
    2. Scenario two- diverting 20% to investing
    3. Scenario three- diverting 40% to investing
    4. Scenario four- diverting the maximum to investing (56.7%)
Scenario% Diverted to InvestingTerm of MortgageInterest Charged on MortgageValue of Total Investment after 30 Years
10 %8.9 Years$74,140$2.69 Million
220 %11.7 Years$101,064$2.81 Million
340%17.3 Years$155,221$3.02 Million
457 %30.0 Years$289,004$3.35 Million

Below is a graph of the total equity in investment over 30 years for each scenario.

What is the most efficient use of your money? to invest or to pay down the mortgage

By paying off the mortgage as fast as I can I do stand to lose out on an extra $660,000!

There are many assumptions made to get to that number. And nobody can predict the future. The calculations do point to paying off the mortgage as not being the most efficient use of my money.

In the future, I think I will be directing more to investments rather than the mortgage. I can’t start now as I have just locked in at 2 year fixed rate with a fixed payment. When it comes to renewing this, if the interest rate environment is still low, it will definitely be more efficient for me to direct more money to invest.

Ultimately

Ultimately, you need to make a decision that you are comfortable with. This entails both maximise the returns on your investments and being able to sleep at night.  I am comfortable with paying extra on the mortgage. I think it is more psychologically beneficial for me to pay down that large amount of debt.


Subscribe For the Latest Content!

Subscribe to Passive Income NZ — get ahead with the latest post emails directly to your inbox. As a bonus, I'll send you a FREE Personal Finance Resorce Kit, so you can start your Journey to Finanical Freedom.


Use This Link to get 1 month Free on any new car insurance policy

Information presented on the Website is intended for informational and entertainment purposes only and is not meant to be taken as financial advice. Some of the links above are affiliate links, meaning, at no additional cost to you, I will earn a commission if you click through. Please note that I only recommend products and services that I have personally used.

21 Shares

6 thoughts on “The Most Efficient Use Of Your Money”

  1. Definitely love the graphs displaying the differences in the various scenarios you proposed. I was faced with a similar choice of paying off mortgage or investing and I chose mortgage payoff.

    There is so much non-monetary rewards you get from knowing you completely own every single blade of Grass on your property. Before that it was really the bank that owned it.
    After paying off my mortgage I had a sizeable monthly cash flow that was now free to use as I see fit and I turbo charged my investing that way.

    Reply
  2. Good read.

    My wife and I are also pushing to have our morgage paid off in under 5 years. Interest rates here in South Africa is around 10%, so trying to beat that with an investment is really tough, thus the push to pay off as quickly as possible.

    As soon as the morgage is settled, we’ll be debt free and will be pouring as much as we can in our other investments.

    I can’t wait for that last payment – I think the feeling (of being debt-free) will be second to none!

    Cheers,
    Hamster

    Reply
    • Hey Hamster! Nice work. At 10% it makes complete sense to pay it off as soon as possible! Very hard to find an investment that would beat that with a large enough margin.

      You and me both! can’t wait until that last payment. It’s going to be great!

    • You would think so- but by the time I really started thinking about the most efficient use of my money I had already locked myself in for two years at the same rate. So I will be paying the same amount for a while. I’ve just amped up my investing as well.

Leave a Comment